Sunday, August 2, 2009

NZ Welsfords

Tusk, Owen's Navigator

Tusk again, photos John Hitchcock

Welsford Light Dory


Houdini with cabin


and another

Owen Sinclair sent me some great photos of John Welsford designed boats from his native New Zealand. There are several Navigators, a light dory, an Houdini, a tender and the 6 M. Whaler. He also sent some musings on the Navigator, one of which he owns. Here are Owen's thoughts:

After more than 12 years ownership I think the key word is versatility.
I can launch and sail it alone or with non-active passengers, up to 3 adults (in addition to myself), or with crew managing the jib, sitting out in fresh conditions and bailing as needed. I have had 5 children in it on a small lake; we would have taken a sixth but ran out of lifejackets (PFDs to Americans). At anchor I, at about 100 kilograms (over 200 pounds), can board it over the side with no risk of it capsizing on me.
Tusk has the yawl rig with a gunter main and conventional boom; this contributes to the versatility. When the wind gets up and a reefed main is still too much sail the main can be dropped entirely onto the boom and stowed there. This also a handy move when taking people out sailing for their first time: start under jib and mizzen, and then once everyone is comfortable with the motion, hoist the main. The mizzen is helpful in holding the boat head to wind while raising, lowering, or reefing the mainsail. I have sailed without the mizzen and found it decidedly more difficult to drop and stow the main in fresh conditions without it.
It will sail to windward under the jib and mizzen only; there is a wind and sea range, which I can’t quantify, where it is difficult to tack under this rig. Never mind; gybing is safe and easy and when the wind rises some more tacking becomes possible again. The jib and mizzen can still be too much sail. This is one area where John W’s original plan, for the headsail to be set flying, would be useful. A smaller headsail could then be set from inside the boat. And a smaller or reefed mizzen would then be useful. But I haven’t heard of anyone doing this. I do know of two Navigators which set gennakers in light air. This would be fun, but best done on a crewed boat I imagine.
There is a long learning curve with the mizzen, both tuning and using it. John Welsford says it should be set up as flat as possible always, but I have found that slackening off the snotter and allowing a bit of draft into the sail is very helpful to boat speed in light winds and flat water. The mizzen is helpful in tight spots: by pulling it sharply to windward it helps kick the stern around. But don’t hold it there too long or leave it sheeted in when tacking; it will nail the boat head to wind! And there are other tricks: I anchored one day in a strong, steady breeze blowing parallel to the shore with both crew and me in need of a toilet stop. By pulling the mizzen seawards the boat was forced to swing in to the shore where we stepped out into shallow water taking a rope to pull the boat back to us afterwards and leaving the mizzen free. With the sprit boom it doesn’t flog when left set. It is common for other sailors to think that the mizzen is too small, or the boat is too small for a mizzen to be effective. Some voice that; others leave the thought unvoiced until they try the helm, leave the mizzen sheeted in too hard and just about have the tiller pulled out of their hand. Then they voice their original thought together with the amendment: something like: “there is some drive in that mizzen.” The Navigator is normally very light on the helm, being well balanced. And yes, it is possible to set up the sails, at least on the wind, so the boat will sail itself. But the only reason for doing this is to move about the boat and when you do this the balance changes and it won’t self-steer any more. But it will heave-to or the main and jib can be dropped, the mizzen sheeted in and the boat will look after itself while you change, get food or whatever.
There is plenty of stowage under the foredeck making it easy to carry camping gear or keep lifejackets/PFDs and wet weather gear there. Through the summer I routinely carry extra lifejackets out of the way. The design arouses a lot of interest and it is nice to be able to offer people a sail without having to worry about finding another lifejacket on the spot.
A 2hp Honda pushes it easily, even in high winds. But David Perillo, whose opinions must be respected given his considerable experience with two different Navigators, found a 6hp engine useful.
John Welsford originally designed the Navigator as a sail training boat. Accordingly it has a planing hull. And it does plane even with the “cruising” yawl rig. This surprises some people, especially kids brought up in yacht clubs on the superiority of the Bermudan rig. For speed it is at it’s best in a good breeze with two people in, an experienced sailor handling the jib sheets and understanding the need to move smartly when tacking or to sit out in gusts. It may be even better with 3-up, but I have only once sailed in a good breeze with 2 experienced crew. It was great fun that day. It is exhilarating flat off the wind with the board up, the mizzen out one side, the main out the other and, with crew, the jib poled out the same side as the mizzen. In high winds it will surge onto the plane like this, with no sign of the dreaded death roll. It feels like a giant surfboard.
There are vocal opinions about the virtues of the sloop-rigged Navigator versus the yawl-rigged version. I can only say that for my purposes, mostly sailing alone in day-sailing/cruising mode, often well away from populated areas, sometimes with inexperienced passengers (as distinct from crew) and only occasionally with experienced crew, it has been ideal. Someone on the Welsford Yahoo forum once said they were building one with provision for both rigs. This would have to be the ultimate for versatility. I note that some people have converted their Navigator from the Bermudan to the yawl rig. I don’t know of anyone who has made the conversion in the opposite direction. I do have fantasies occasionally of building one light with a self-draining deck and the sloop rig, finding a couple of crew and joining the racing at the local dinghy club. That would be great fun!
The only criticism I have of the design has been fixed in later versions. Mine has the centrecase as originally designed and with crew, especially two of them, water pours through the opening when off the wind in fresh conditions. But one of the crew can bail……..

Mr. Welsfords boats are not only beautiful, but are reputedly extremely seaworthy. Many of his designs bring to mind English workboats from another era, yet don't look dated. A skillful and competent designer of small boats. If you are not familiar with his work you may want to aquaint yourself with it.

You can find more Welsford boats as well as a wealth of other small, open boats at Openboat NZ.

There's a Furled Sails interview with John Welsford here. Recommended. I would like to hear from other Welsford owners, especially in the US., but really from anywhere. Send me a note and some photos of your boat.

I would also appreciate hearing from owners of Iain Oughtred boats with the same kind of post in view. Let me hear from you!


Richard said...

I listened to the two Furled Sails interviews with Wellsford and they were VERY interesting. I especially liked his comments on how he goes about actually designing a boat.

budiharjo said...

you wooden boat beautiful.